2012 – 2015
The project is proposed to be implemented in Leh and Kargil districts of Ladakh.
Rs 264.81 lacs
Ladakh forms the North-Easterly region of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, bordering Himachal Pradesh to the South, China/Tibet to the East and the Baltistan region of Pakistan to the North. It comprises around 70% of the state and it is a huge mountainous region in the trans-Himalayan region of the country. The region is highly elevated, cold and arid.
Luckily, Ladakh has a lot of sunshine in the day even if the temperature falls drastically at night in winter. The pre-winter activities can be less problematic and environment friendly if we apply our minds and re-design our houses in a way that harnesses maximum solar energy.
Passive Solar architecture aims at harnessing a region’s natural solar energy sources, by taking advantage of solar radiation during the winter to heat the interior of a building, through specially designed and insulated trombe walls, large south-facing solarized windows for direct gain, insulated roofs and floors. Through PSH technology, the houses collect solar radiation during the day, absorb/retain the heat and enable the rooms to remain warm during both day and night. Passive Solar Houses work efficiently due to a combination of four factors:
Aims and Objectives
Improvement of the living conditions and well-being of people in the high-altitude desert of Ladakh during the harsh winters and also improvement of the environmental health and economic well-being of Ladakh through energy-efficient and safe housing. In particular:
Expected project outcome:
The following objectives shall be achieved after the completion of the project and these expected outcomes are based upon the findings of the GERES PSH program which was in operation throughout LADAKH during 2008-12. The sustainable development benefits are:
The signing of MOU with ICCO / Identification of beneficiary/baseline survey:
This activity is proposed to begin in Oct 2012 and end in December 2013. The beneficiaries shall be identified on the basis of need, the individual capacity of the family, location, and orientation, scope for retrofitting, annual collection of fuel wood and fuel items (gender involvement in the activity), availability of masons/ carpenters, handicraft output, use of the kind of stoves, etc. The allotment shall be finalized and the beneficiaries shall be asked to go ahead with the collection of material and construction simultaneously. The survey time is used for awareness generation and information transfer regarding PSH.
Construction/Supply of material:
Although the activity is planned to begin at the beginning of 2013 and continue till the end of the project in Oct/December 2015, the selected beneficiaries may begin mobilizing their resources immediately after their identification and LEDeG may begin the fabrication of frames for the Trombe instantly in order to complete the program on time. LEDeG has, however, targeted to begin the exercise in January 2013 and complete it by Oct 2015 so that there is sufficient time left for giving the finishing touches to the implementation program. The beneficiaries shall be advised to mobilize their resources and complete the material collection within a particular time frame, as specified through a letter from LEDeG.
Survey / Monitoring / Follow-up/ Evaluation
This will be a normal activity of LEDeG to see the progress of the work on different PSHs through the field workers and the management. The internal evaluation shall be necessary to monitor the activities to make them happen as per the timeline and also in accordance with the MOU, design, etc in order to achieve the target results. The activity will begin in December 2012 and shall continue till ending Oct 2015.
Reporting shall be done on a quarterly basis beginning from December 2012 and the final report shall be submitted to ICCO at the end of December 2015.
Develop indicators for third-party evaluation and engagement of the evaluator:
This shall be done by ICCO by Jan 2015. The final evaluation by a third party shall be conducted and completed by end of Oct 2015. Accordingly, the funds from ICCO should be released in Oct 2012, April 2013, and 2014 @ 20%, 50%, and 30 % respectively for the timely and smooth completion of the project.
After the final evaluation and assessment of the anticipated outcomes, the ICCO and LEDeG shall decide modalities on for a carbon credit model in order to benefit from the project. The two parties have already agreed to enter into a carbon credit system. The activity plan and the completion period shall be adjusted if the ICCO needs time for sanctioning the project.